Installing memcached gem on Ubuntu Karmic

After my recent fiddling with caching and a little preliminary reading for an interesting side project I’m considering, I decided to install memcached. As will all things on linux, its really easy to install… unless its not. Every time I try to get one of these things going it always takes a while to figure out what packages are needed so the gem can function. So here they are:

sudo aptitude install libmemcached-dev libsasl2-dev libmemcached-dbg

I’m not sure that you need the debug libraries in there but its better to have them and not need them, than need them and not have them. Right?

Now you are ready to install the gem :

sudo gem install memcached –no-rdoc –no-ri

If you miss that libsasl2 library like I did the first time, all manner of badness happens as you can see below. But now you know how to avoid it.

ERROR:  Error installing memcached:
ERROR: Failed to build gem native extension.

/usr/bin/ruby1.8 extconf.rb
Libmemcached already built; run ‘rake clean’ first if you need to rebuild.
creating Makefile

gcc -I. -I/usr/lib/ruby/1.8/x86_64-linux -I/usr/lib/ruby/1.8/x86_64-linux -I.  -fPIC  -I/usr/lib/ruby/gems/1.8/gems/memcached-0.19.2/ext/include  -L/usr/lib/ruby/gems/1.8/gems/memcached-0.19.2/ext/lib -fno-strict-aliasing -g -g -O2  -fPIC   -fno-strict-aliasing -g -g -O2  -fPIC   -c rlibmemcached_wrap.c

Just so you know, after completely screwing up my first install, and realising that the suggested “rake clean” in the memcached directory was failing as well, I sorted it out by deleting the entire /usr/lib/ruby/gems/1.8/gems/memcached-0.19.2 directory. Very ugly. Doing it right the first time is recommended.

So now that its installed, lets test it to see that everything is ok using the example from the README:

mike@sleepycat:~$ memcached -p 11211 &
[1] 15778
mike@sleepycat:~$ irb
irb(main):001:0> require ‘rubygems’
=> true
irb(main):002:0> require ‘memcached’
=> true
irb(main):003:0> $cache =“localhost:11211″)
=> #<Memcached:0x7feb57cf8b50 @not_found=#<Memcached::NotFound: Memcached::NotFound>, @options={:no_block=>false, :logger=>nil, :ketama_weighted=>true, :retry_timeout=>30, :timeout=>0.25, :auto_eject_hosts=>true, :support_cas=>false, :show_backtraces=>false, :rcv_timeout=>0.25, :buffer_requests=>false, :credentials=>nil, :prefix_delimiter=>””, :sort_hosts=>false, :server_failure_limit=>2, :verify_key=>true, :distribution=>:consistent_ketama, :tcp_nodelay=>false, :hash=>:fnv1_32, :default_ttl=>604800, :use_udp=>false, :cache_lookups=>true, :poll_timeout=>0.25, :default_weight=>8, :binary_protocol=>false, :connect_timeout=>4, :hash_with_prefix_key=>true}, @default_ttl=604800, @servers=[“localhost:11211:8”], @not_stored=#<Memcached::NotStored: Memcached::NotStored>, @struct=#<Rlibmemcached::MemcachedSt:0x7feb57cf8ad8>>
irb(main):004:0> value = ‘hello’
=> “hello”
irb(main):005:0> $cache.set ‘test’, value
=> nil
irb(main):006:0> $cache.get ‘test’
=> “hello”


9 thoughts on “Installing memcached gem on Ubuntu Karmic”

  1. Thanks a million for the tip on getting rid of the dir… I also screwed the first intallation and the following were consequently wrong :( Now I have memcached!! :)

  2. Thanks for the post … sadly, I appear to have a different issue, and am mostly commenting for others having my plight.

    Despite installing the libsasl2-dev and other packages, the “gem install memcached” still fails with

    extconf.rb:64:in `chdir': No such file or directory

    My environment is ubuntu natty (11.04), ruby 1.9.2, memcached-1.3

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